The turpentine obtained from the resin of all pine trees is antiseptic, diuretic, rubefacient and vermifuge. It is a valuable remedy used internally in the treatment of kidney and bladder complaints and is used both internally and as a rub and steam bath in the treatment of rheumatic affections. It is also very beneficial to the respiratory system and so is useful in treating diseases of the mucous membranes and respiratory complaints such as coughs, colds, influenza and TB. Externally it is a very beneficial treatment for a variety of skin complaints, wounds, sores, burns, boils etc and is used in the form of liniment plasters, poultices, herbal steam baths and inhalers. The wood is diaphoretic and stimulant. It is useful in treating burning of the body, cough, fainting and ulcers The wood is acrid, bitter, sweet, thermogenic, emollient, aromatic, antiseptic, deodorant, haemostatic, stimulant, anthelmintic, digestive, liver tonic, diaphoretic and diuretic. It is useful in eye, ear and pharynx diseases, foul ulcers, haemorrhages, haemoptysis, worm infection, flatulence, liver diseases, bronchitis, inflammations, skin diseases, pruritus and giddiness.
Oleoresin is acrid, bitter, thermogenic, expectorant, anodyne, anti-inflammatory, purgative, rubefacient, vermifuge and demulcent. It is useful in cough, cold, asthma, chronic bronchitis, inflammations, liver and spleen diseases, kidney and bladder infections, gonorrhea, scurvy, epilepsy, haemorrhoids and tuberculosis.
Oil obtained is utilized in rheumatic problems, arthritis and neuralgia. Oil is also an ingredient in many ointments, and lotions for treating aches and pains. Rosin obtained is used in paper soap, cosmetics, paint, varnish and polish industries.